Archive for the ‘Breeding’ Tag

The Russian German Shepherd Dog   37 comments

The East-European Shepherd (Russian German Shepherd Dog)

Russian shepherds  - East-European Shepherds

The East European Shepherd (Russian German Shepherd Dog) bears a close resemblance to the German Shepherd Dog although it is actually a distinctly different breed in its own right, and is the result of a Soviet Military and KGB breeding programme following WW2 and achieving its success in the late 1940’s.

Many German Shepherd Dog’s were captured during WW1 after the Russian military noticed the impressive working abilities of the Germans military dogs in general and in particular the German Shepherd Dog. Unfortunately they soon discovered that German Shepherd Dog’s were not well adapted to the harsh climatic conditions of the icy cold Russian winters and the majority did not survive. Those that did were unable to function effectively in such an environment.

To counteract this problem the East European Shepherd was, bred to be larger and heavier, and more powerful and muEE Shepherd alldogbreed tkscular. It also sported a typically black, somewhat denser double coat of medium length, and as required by the Russians, a stronger bite and a very strong protection drive.

The development of the East-European Shepherd or Russian German shepherd started in the Byelorussian region.

During WW1 local Belarusians took a liking to the Germans military dogs as thousands of them travelled through their then, and for most of the war, occupied country which we know today as Belarus. By various ways and means, they took possession of a number of the enduringly popular German Shepherd Dog. In order to avoid unsavoury connections to the, obviously, highly unpopular Germans these dogs were initially known as Byelorussian Owtcharka, or Belarusian Shepherd. For this same reason in the UK the German Shepherd Dog became known as the Alsatian although their official title is still German Shepherd Dog.

German Shepherd DogGerman Shepherd Dog 2

Moving forward in time to WW2 the Russians successfully captured as war trophies, thousands more German Shepherd Dogs from the German military.

A breeding programme led by the Soviet Military and the KGB involving the systematic crossing of GSDs with various Russian dogs, in particular the Laika led to the evolution of a new Russian dog breed, the East-European Shepherd, or the Vostochnoevropejskaya Ovcharka in the late 1940’s; This new Soviet military dog became their main military working breed and also that of the KGB.


The East European Shepherd is today classed as a rare breed owing to the fall of the Soviet Union which saw its popularity wane dramatically. However it is still used by the Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian Armed Forces and also by a reasonable number of the republics of Central Asia.

East-European_Shepherd_РУССКАЯ ПСОВАЯ БОРЗАЯ (русский вокодав)The Cynologic Council of the Soviet Union, a division of the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture were the first organisation to produce a formal breed standard for the East European Shepherd and to record pedigrees for it, in 1964. At the present time the Russian Kennel Club is the only organisation granting full recognition to the breed. The Dog Registry of America and the Continental Kennel Club are amongst a number of US rare breed organisations that recognise its breed status.East-European Shepherd easypetmed com


ZSL London Zoo Announce Birth of New Tiger Cub   58 comments

*Updated 22.10.13

Welcome to the World! “Hear Me Roar!!”

ZSL London Zoo has announced the birth of their first tiger cub in 17 years!

Five year old Sumatran tiger Melati, gave birth to a single cub at 9:22pm on Sunday 22 September.


“We are simply over-the-moon about the birth of the tiger cub; it’s a momentous occasion for everyone at ZSL London Zoo and a real cause for celebration.” ~ Zookeeper Paul Kybett

“This tiger’s one of the most important births in Europe this year.” ~ Malcolm Fitzpatrick, curator of mammals at the zoo.


“They came from opposite ends of the globe. Melati joined us from Perth at the end of September last year. Jae Jae came from Ohio. When they first saw each other they made the lovely sneezy purr kind of noise that they make. When we introduced them for the first time he trotted up to her and gave her a big head rub so we knew we were going to be getting something quite special.” ~ Senior zookeeper Paul Kybett

The new tiger cub, sex so far unknown, is a direct descendant of the Zoo’s last cub, Hari, who is the father of Melati.

Jae Jae and Melati – Tigers Territory

ZSL London Zoo

Jae Jae (Copyright Europa's Icewolf 2013)

Tigers Territory:

“Jae Jae and Melati’s new habitat, offers lots of space for climbing tall trees, swimming, snoozing, playing and practising hunting. Male tigers can eat up to 6kg of meat a day! A Sumatran tiger has spots on the back of its ears which it uses for signalling. They like to see a long way so there are warm sheltered areas with a little height to let them look across Regent’s Park. Plants in the territory look identical to those in their natural habitat but are actually look-alikes designed to survive our less than tropical climate!

Jae Jae (Copyright Europa's Icewolf 2013)

Tiger breeding:

Breeding is managed globally and Sumatran Tigers (Indonesia) Jae Jae and Melati have been chosen because their genes are under-represented worldwide. The hope is that they’ll have cubs and reinvigorate the gene pool.

Melita (Copyright Europa's Icewolf 2013)


In the wild they are threatened by poaching and habitat loss due to agribusiness operations. ZSL conservationists have set up a wildlife crime unit in Indonesia to tackle the trade in tiger parts and are working with the palm oil industry to help reduce its impact on wildlife and biodiversity.


Jae Jae (Copyright Europa's Icewolf 2013)

Palm Oil:

Huge areas of forest are being cut down to make way for oil palm crops, destroying the territories of tigers in the wild. Palm oil goes into half of all groceries, from chocolate to shampoo. We can help by shopping sustainably.” ~ ZSL London Zoo

*London Zoo’s New-born Sumatran Tiger Cub Update*

 (Report from BBC News –

A sad end to a joyful story… London zoo recently confirmed that the first tiger cub to be born there in 17 years has drowned.

London Zoo Tiger Cub_Credit:

‘On Saturday, zookeepers could not see the cub on the den cameras and its body was later discovered on the edge of a pool inside the enclosure.’

“We’re heartbroken by what’s happened. To go from the excitement of the birth to this in three weeks is just devastating. Melati can be a very nervous animal and we didn’t want to risk putting her on edge by changing her surroundings or routines, in case she abandoned or attacked the cub. At the time we thought it was in the best interests of Melati and her cub to allow her continued access to the full enclosure as normal.

“We would do anything to turn back the clock and nobody could be more upset about what’s happened than the keepers who work with the tigers every day. They are devoted to those tigers and are distraught.” ~ London Zoo’s Malcolm Fitzpatrick


ZSL London Zoo


The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog   12 comments

Czechoslovakian Wolf-Dogs (Vlcak)

(The Family-Friendly Wolf-Dog Smile)

A relatively new breed of dog bred originally by Mr Ing. Karel Hartel, from Male German Shepherd Dog (GSD) “Ceaser z Brezoveho haje,” and “Brita” a Carpathian wolf, at the Libejovice breeding centre, South Bohemia in May 1958. Brita was later bred again with GSD “Kurt z Vaklavky” to produce a 2nd line of Czech Wolf-dogs. A 3rd line was born from the mating of the he-wolf “Argo” and GSD “Asta z SNB” in a police kennel in Bychory.  Most of the crossbred dogs were transferred to a new breeding centre in Malacky in 1970’s (part of the frontier guard in Bratislava). Here the 3rd wolf to be introduced “Sark” was mated with two 3rd generation wolf-dog bitches “Xela z Pohranicini straze” and “Urta z Pohranicini straze.” The last crossbreeding took place in 1983, between she-wolf “Lady” and GSD “Bojar von Schotterhof” in Libejovice. One of the resulting pups, “Kazan z Pohranicini straze” was then used for the direct breeding of The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog and since then only pure bred Czech wolf dogs have been used for breeding.

Czech Wolf-dogCzech Wolf-dog

The Czechoslovakian wolf-dog (Vlcak) is a shining example of strength, grace and ferocity. More compact than the Saarlooswolf-dog, it bears a very close resemblance to the wolf.  It has amber eyes and its long and slightly bushy tail is usually carried upright, whilst its coat, dense, straight, and thick ranges in colour from yellow-grey to silver-grey with a light mask. The Czechoslovakian Vlcak is an elegant creature moving at a steady and enduring cantering pace; its graceful movements are light and well-balanced, and its steps long.

It was first officially recognised as a breed in 1982 by the International Cynological Federation (FCI) after a long battle by Mr Ing. Karel Hartel when the first 43 pups were registered in Praha. From 1982 – 1991 a further 1552 pups were successfully registered. (Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog Breed Standard, Standard F.C.I. c 332/28.04.1994/ (Ceskoslovensky Vlcak) )


Czechoslovakian Wolf-dogs are quick, lively and very active, Fearless, courageous and full of purpose and drive they are ready for anything. The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog makes a wonderful and versatile companion. Unlike the Saarlooswolf-dog, shyness is a disqualifying fault in the Czechoslovakian wolf-dogs.

The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog bonds well not only with their owner, but with the whole family but not very well with anybody else as they can be very wary around strangers. It will learn to live happily with other family pets though there may be problems if it meets unfamiliar animals.

Czechoslovakian wolf-dogs have a great love of hunting and in order to avoid displays of aggression towards smaller animals when it reaches adulthood it is very important to control this instinct while they are still puppies. The puppy should never be isolated in the kennel; it must be socialized and get used to different surroundings. Female Czechoslovakian Wolf-dogs are generally easier to control, but both sexes will most likely experience a difficult adolescence and they need an extremely firm and patient hand in training.

Czech Wolf-dogs

The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog is very playful and temperamental. It is intelligent and learns easily but as with all training it needs time and commitment.  To achieve a stable and reliable standard can take a little longer than the average for standard specialized breeds. The Czechoslovakian Wolf-dog by nature needs a purpose to its training in order to maintain its motivation, so it will need variety and interest.  They are ideal for tracking and very good at following trails as they have very sharp senses. They also work well in the pack being a very purposeful and independent breed. They will be happy working by night if required or by day.  As with other wolf-dogs barking isn’t a natural trait of Czechoslovakian Wolf-dogs – they prefer to communicate and express themselves in a variety of different ways.  If barking is required of them in training then clearly this could be a problem.

Wolf Love!   84 comments


 Wolfy Mating Season!

Mating season only occurs once yearly. with the alpha female having only five to seven days of oestrus. During this time, the alpha pair may leave the pack temporarily to avoid interruption from other pack members.


In the north they mate late March or early April.  In the southern regions of a wolf’s range mating occurs between late February and mid March.  They are usually sexually active by their second year.

In a wolf pack only the leaders – the alpha male and female wolves mate.  This promotes birth control keeping the pack numbers in balance with the available food base.


Usually the alpha male has dominance over the entire pack including the alpha female. However during the mating season the alpha female takes total dominance even while the pups are still in the den. This is so the rest of the pack will know that she is the one to serve. She is also the one to decide where the den will be located. Consequently, the pack goes in search of food and brings it back to the den either for the hungry female or for the pups. 

If a lower ranking female shows signs of sexual activity the alpha female represses the urge through psychological intimidation.  Lower ranking males are in turn inhibited by the alpha male, from returning to seek out the female.


If a lower ranking male is determined to mate and won’t be intimidated by the leaders, it will leave the pack rather than submit and if it doesn’t find a mate rejoins the pack at the end of the breeding cycle.



Posted March 19, 2009 by europasicewolf in Wolves (Canis Lupus)

Tagged with , , , , , , , ,