Archive for the ‘Earthquake’ Tag

Japan Nuclear And Earthquake-Tsunami Disaster Anniversary: 2011~2013   39 comments

Japan Nuclear Disaster And Earthquake-Tsunami 2011~2013

“I bowed and begged them to stay…”

Two years ago today the Japanese people were reeling from the nightmare of the 8.9-magnitude earthquake – the most powerful one ever recorded in Japan, and the 30-foot wave tsunami that crashed as much as 6 miles inshore on March 11 2011; It was a nightmare that killed in the region of 20,000 people and triggered the world’s worst nuclear crisis since the Chernobyl disaster 27 years ago.

Fukushima Nuclear Plant...Remembering...

Whilst the atomic accident at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant did not actually claim any lives it has left tens of thousands of people driven from their homes in a mass evacuation and reduced whole towns to an uninhabitable state as a consequence of the dangerous radiation levels. A situation that will probably last for many decades to come.

                     Fukushima-radiation-could-be-ocean-risk  Japanese Evacuees  Contamination

A report compiled by America’s Institute of Nuclear Power Operations highlights the heroism of workers at Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in the disaster’s aftermath, which saw three reactors go into full nuclear meltdown…

“The plant’s back-up generators also failed, leaving most of the facility with no power. Workers struggled to cool the overheating reactors in ‘complete darkness’ while hundreds of aftershocks rocked the area, including two of greater than 7.0 magnitude. The workers persisted in their efforts despite ‘elevated and continuously changing dose rates and contamination levels,’ the report said. Food shortages meant they were given only a biscuit for breakfast and a bowl of noodles for dinner. Many slept on the floor. Some of the workers had lost their homes and families to the tsunami, but continued to toil at the crippled nuclear plant. Some operators volunteered to perform dangerous jobs, the report notes, while many had no formal training for the tasks they were attempting. They relied on "creativity" and "unconventional or unique methods to deal with ‘conditions that were beyond the design basis for the station.’ “ ~ America’s Institute of Nuclear Power Operations

Reactor Explosions and Fires

No. 2 reactor at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant suffered an explosion when cooling systems in the Unit failed and pressure inside the reactor soared. Reactor Units Nos. 1 and 3 were blasted by hydrogen explosions which blew the roof off No. 1 unit and tore No 3 reactor apart, and a fire broke out in reactor No. 4 spent fuel storage pond.

                  

  No 4 reactor building Fukushima  FukDaic1 Reactor building covered by steel frame

Masao Yoshida then Fukushima Daiichi plant chief told state broadcaster NHK: "In the first week immediately after the accident I thought a few times ‘I’m going to die.”

Making reference to the explosion of hydrogen that ripped the buildings around rectors 1 and 3 to shreds, he added: "I thought it was all over.”

In a provisional report released by the Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) Masao described how he was forced to face the fact that they had a full blown disaster on their hands “When lights flickered and went out, including those on the control panels.”

fukushima-control-reactor

"I came to realise a tsunami had hit the site as one of the workers rushed into the room, shouting ‘Sea water is gushing in!’ I felt totally at a loss after losing power sources. Other workers appeared anxious. They argued, and one asked: ‘Is there any reason for us to be here when there is nothing we can do to control (the reactors)?’ I bowed and begged them to stay.

As immobilised electrical and cooling systems at the nuclear power plant ground to a halt the largely unsung heroes – the heroic plant workers – in a terrifyingly high risk situation took life-threatening health risks in a desperate, punishing bid to prevent a worse nuclear disaster.

The beleaguered, under fire operator of Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant released accounts from the plant workers’ themselves describing some of their most desperate moments as they struggled and fought to bring the stricken nuclear plant under control…

                No 4 reactor at Fuk Dai plant  Fukushima 11 March 2012 Credit Reuters_Kyodo 

  • Overwhelming challenges as workers endeavoured to manually open a ventilation valve in a vital effort to discharge pressure from a reactor container.

"We put on the full protection gear but couldn’t possibly let young workers do the task, as we had to go into an area where the radiation levels were high. When I got to the place to open the valve, I heard eerie, deep popping noise from the torus (a donut-shaped structure at the bottom of the reactor). When I put one of my feet on the torus to reach the valve, my black rubber boot melted and slipped (due to the heat).” one worker recalled.

  • Dire working conditions as they strove relentlessly to combat the dangerously unstable and crippled nuclear plant.

"We experienced big aftershocks, and many times we had to run up a hill in desperation (fearing a tsunami) with the full-face mask still on,” one worker said.

  • Race against time to set down power cables and reinstate the electric supply:

"We finished the work (in one section) in several hours, although it usually requires one month or two. It was an operation we had to do in puddles, fearing electrification,” the worker said.

  • Explosions and fires at the plant give a free rein to the release of critically hazardous radiation levels, compelling TEPCO to evacuate all but a handful of brave and desperately needed workers, out of a nuclear workforce of hundreds.

                   Fukushima Nuclear Plant Workers  Credit: Tokyo Electric Power Co (TEPCO): radioactive water on the floor inside the building of a water treatment facility at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.  Fukushima No2 Reactor torus room_Credit: REUTERS

Those workers became known as the "The Fukushima Fifty”, but the final numbers of workers risking lives and health to join the battle increased by thousands who were also joined by partner company technicians, the likes of Toshiba and Hitachi.

They undertook the commission of ensuring the steady flow of cooling water streaming into the six plant reactors, three of which none-the-less were later to undergo overheating and ultimate melted down.

Cooling System Failures at Japan’s Power Plants

“Reactors 1, 2 and 3 experienced a full meltdown in the wake of an earthquake and tsunami in March” ~ Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters (Japan}

“Nuclear fuel rods in reactors 2 and 3 probably melted during the first week of the nuclear crisis whilst fuel rods at the heart of reactor No. 1 melted almost completely in the first 16 hours after the disaster struck.”

A time to remember...2011~2013Fukushima Explosion

“We Came Close To Losing Northern Japan”

~Tokyo Electric Power Co.

2012–The End of the World? … “He Who Has The Knowledge Has The Power”   75 comments

December 21st 2012...?

Will the world end on December 21st 2012? This seems, depending on which way you are inclined, to be either; a burning question or a foregone conclusion of doom, etched firmly into the minds of the human species. Humans are a strange people, unique in their habit of living in fear that they are to be the last of their kind doomed to destroyed in an cataclysmic ending of time, and at any given time in history through to the present day, there have always been some who believe there is an apocalyptic significance to particular times and dates.

At the end of the World...the Apocalypse

  • Even as early in time as the impending start of the year 1000 A.D. there were those who believed we were doomed to meet our destiny as the world’s end came upon us.
  • Doom and the end of the world hung over our heads once again in the year 2000; with the predicted disaster of the dreaded Y2K. Not quite. We are still here alive and well.
  • We are now approaching the time of an ancient prophecy interpreted by those who wish to view it that way as the approach of the apocalypse – The Winter Solstice on December 21, 2012. This date is considered by the Mayans to be symbolic in that it is the time they expect to welcome the return of their god Kukulkan, the feathered serpent and as such was marked on their calendar over 2,000 years ago.

                                                  Kukulkan the feathered Serpent1Kukulkan the feathered Serpent

“Galactic Alignment” One census of opinion is that a galactic alignment will occur – the lining up of our solar system’s array of planets with the sun and a huge black hole that is the centre of the Milky Way galaxy, Consequently there will be a catastrophic shift in the axes of the Earth, resulting in apocalyptic earthquakes and tidal waves of a size and power that will annihilate the majority of Earth species bringing about the end of life as we know it!

  2012PoleShift_Apocalyptic Tidal Wavesgalactic-alignment2012 Pole Shift_Apocalyptic Earthquakes

There is nothing wrong with preparing for any possible future disasters that might await us, but we each have a comparatively short time on Earth and using it to live in fear is not the best of ways to spend it.

It is not for you to know the times or the dates...

"Galactic Synchronization Beam." Theoretically we will be entering new phase of galactic evolution triggered by a time wave – the Galactic Synchronization Beam. A claim put forward by Professor Jose Arguelles, one of a number of the most popular leaders in the field of modern Mayan calendar predictions who mentions this notion in his book The Mayan Factor.

Galactic Synchronisation Beam

In which case this date is not an end of time… but is in fact a beginning of a new phase, and the Mayans themselves never claimed that 2012 will be the end of time.

  Mayan PriestsMayan TempleMayan Cosmos

“The Long Count Calendar” The "Long Count" calendar developed by the ancient Mayans and the ancient Egyptians was based on their exactingly correct chronicles of the astronomical passage of the stars and planets. 26,000 years, the length of a single “Long Count cycle” is known as the “Great Year” during which time every constellation takes its turn appearing on the horizon at the time of the rising sun. Every 72 years, Earth Precession occurs. This simply means that there is a miniscule one degree shift in the position of the stars. It takes about 2200 years for us to transit from the most recent Age of Pisces to the new Age of Aquarius and this is considered to be the inception of a higher human awareness. The question, which remains perpetually unanswered even with all of today’s technology and science, is “Why would the Mayans go to all the trouble of charting the skies including for thousands of years into the future to such a high degree of accuracy?"

                                  clip_image013Mayan Long Count Calender

There have been many and varied cataclysms to afflict Earth across the centuries, but the truth is, no one really knows what our future here on Earth holds for us. We can hypothesise how it will all end to our heart’s content; but, nothing is written in stone and everything can change in a moment…

 

Everything can change in a moment...

We should however remember with caution; Real knowledge is the currency of the universe and he who has the knowledge, has the power.

  • Ancient Sumerians, Egyptians and Chinese were also guided by the stars.
  • The American Indians amongst many other cultures around the world address the incursion of an interval of instability and disarray in the Earth order.
  • Hopi prophecy communicated exact astronomical events, but it does not mention 2012 specifically. One of the most significant events the Hopi prophesied is the return of their “Blue Star- Kachina” (Known also as “Blue sun” and “Nan ga sohu”) Today’s we know it as Sirius – the Dog Star.

Blue Star Kachina

“Ninth and Last Sign: You will hear of a dwelling-place in the heavens, above the earth, that shall fall with a great crash. It will appear as a blue star. Very soon after this, the ceremonies of the Hopi people will cease.” It is said that this is where the changes will begin. A new way of life and the coming of a new world. That if we do not remember the “original teachings” and refuse to return to lives lived in peace we will burn up and destroy ourselves with our cravings and conflicts.

                                           

  • The Navajo have also given specific warnings that the sacred “Kachina’s” appearance is not a good sign nor is it something to be celebrated.

Whether there is any direct connection between the prophecies of the Hopi and Navajo Nations and the accuracy of the Mayan’s astronomical calendar remains to be seen.

        Urban Apocalypse

Quantum physics has taught us that that there are an infinite number of possibilities that can occur in every moment of every day and that the very act of observation changes the results of an event. We have learned that our collective consciousness has an impact on the final result. Ultimately, we do play a part in our own destiny, for destiny only takes us half way. The rest we have to walk ourselves.

path_of_enlightenment

Fearing the future and living with a constant sense of doom and dark gloom hanging over our heads is neither good nor healthy for any of us.

clip_image018Mayan Long Count Calender StoneMayan Temple and Sunbeam2012-World's End?

Ancient Mayan Temple Feature

Chernobyl 25 Years…The World Remembers   8 comments

 

Remember Chernobyl 1986-2011–World’s Worst Nuclear Disaster

Remember Chernobyl 1986-2011

The world marks a quarter of a century since the world’s worst nuclear disaster at Chernobyl in the Ukraine.

Ceremonies were held around the world on Tuesday 26 April to mark the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster. But haunted by a strange, eerie resonance and fears over the safety of atomic energy sparked by the Japanese earthquake -created troubles at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear.

Fukushima-nuclear-plant-2011 fukushima-milk100-200millisieverts rad risk deathjapanese-child-screened-radioactivity-fukushima-500x407the-fukushima-50-were-the-first-group-of-workers-who-remained-on-site-when-the-plant-was-burning-on-march-15

The Japanese in placing the disaster on the maximum Level 7 on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the same level as Chernobyl prompted further public fear with almost cosmic timing. reactor with the resulting radiation leak it is an event the world is unlikely to forget.

A service was held by Russian Orthodox, Patriarch Kirill, in the Keiv region in the early hours of Tuesday, striking a bell at 1:23 am – the time the explosion happened. This formally marked the start of the Remembrance Ceremonies.

Raven and exclusion zone radiation warning  Deserted ghost city of Pripyat_inside the exclusion zone Exclusion zone radiation warning signchernobyl_openpit

The explosion sent a plume of radiation across Ukraine, Belarus, western Russia and other parts of Europe in 1986. Two workers died in the explosion and twenty eight other rescuers and staff died of radiation exposure in following months. Between 1986-1987 five thousand rescue workers (liquidators) were sent in to clear up the Chernobyl plant, and to decontaminate surrounding areas. Many were not fully aware of the scale of the disaster or the true risks of their exposure to such high levels of radiation.Hundreds received radiation injuries, while thousands of cases of child thyroid cancer in the region may be linked to Chernobyl. Tens of thousands were evacuated and fears still remain and the verdict is still inconclusive on the damage to human health.

 

For some mothers the memories of “bubbling and foaming” bright yellow puddles are still vivid, whilst children born years later are reminded by their cancer-ravaged bodies. In Belarus which received about 70% of the radioactive fallout thousands of children have been treated for cancers. The stricken Fukushima Daiichi has re-lit their fears and they are horrified. They have been through it and wish for no-one else to suffer in the same way.

 

                                     memorial to workers who died trying to contain the radiationTo those who saved the world_Chernobyl 1986 

 

He (Patriarch Krill) then went out to the affected zone to hold an Easter Service at a chapel in the Chernobyl settlement ,to which Russian President Dmitry Medvedev made an unprecedented visit alongside Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, to mark the 25th anniversary of the world’s worst nuclear accident.The two men attended a commemoration ceremony at the recently (December 2000) shut-down nuclear power station itself where a reactor exploded in 1986.

Tribute to Chernobyl disaster–Sleeping Sun–April 26 1986

 

Mr Medvedev made his first visit to Chernobyl for Tuesday’s commemoration. Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko did not take part in events at Chernobyl.

Russian President 1st visit to Chernobyl_ April 26 2011

“The crisis at the Fukushima DaiIchi Plant reminded humankind that we shouldn’t relax” ~ Russian President Dmitry Medvedev

“The events of this day showed that nobody, no matter who they are, can be assured of their safety….and the recent events at Japan’s Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant only confirmed this bitter truth.” ~ Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukowich

 

Mr Yanukovych also stressed the need for global co-operation in nuclear safety, saying: "Chernobyl was a challenge of planetary dimensions. The answer to this challenge can be provided only by the world community." Soviet engineers encased the damaged reactor in a temporary concrete casing (sarcophagus) to limit the radiation but the existing sarcophagus is dilapidated and could leak. Or even worse collapse altogether triggering a large scale radiation release, consequently a new shield is now needed. A donor conference in Kiev, Ukraine, last week raised 550m euros (£486m; $798m) of the 740m euros needed to build a new shelter and a storage facility for spent fuel. The new containment shelter large enough to encase an area the size of “Madison Square Garden” and should be able to completely enclose the old casing and the Chernobyl Reactor 4 by 2015.

 

Chernobyl disused reactor_enclosed in a concrete and lead sarcophagus_In the foreground is a memorial to workers who died trying to contain the radiation

They also placed the first stone of a monument to clean-up workers and laid flowers at another monument. Officials unveiled a monument dedicated to victims from Belarus.

Officials unveil monument 

Mr Medvedev has called for new international rules covering safety at nuclear plants. Such rules would permit the "necessary" development of nuclear energy, he said.

"Today, I sent proposals to [world] leaders… aimed at guaranteeing the necessary development of nuclear energy in the world while preventing at the same time catastrophic global consequences [of accidents]," Mr Medvedev said in remarks as he stood in spring sunshine in front of the hulk of the disused plant, according to Reuters. He did not specify what the proposals were.

Chernobyl's Reactor No 4_enclosed in a concrete and lead sarcophagus

Soviet officials held off reporting the accident for several days, and Mr Medvedev said the disaster had taught nations of the importance of telling the truth to their people. "The duty of a state is to tell the truth to its people. It must be acknowledged that the [Soviet] state did not always behave correctly," he said." In order for such tragedies never to be repeated we must all be honest, we must provide absolutely exact information about what is going on."

Call for honesty

The call for honesty was welcomed by some 3,000 Chernobyl victims who joined a memorial service at a monument in Kiev. They complain that benefits packages for workers made ill by participating in the clean-up have been cut in recent years.

The crisis at Japan’s Fukushima plant has triggered renewed protests over the safety of nuclear power.

image People light candles placed in the form radioactive symbol in Kiev, Ukraine

The legacy of Chernobyl will be remembered for much, much longer than anyone would wish. According to estimates this area of Northern Ukraine will be uninhabitable for at the very least, decades, if not centuries.

                                                 Remember Chernobyl 1986-2011Exclusion zone-The Land of Wolves

Nuclear Ghost Town: The Reality of Nuclear Accidents and Relocation aka Chernobyl