Archive for the ‘humans’ Tag

Japanese Wolves ~ “Guardian Dog of the Mountains”   66 comments

 

Japanese Wolves

“Yama no Bankun” (Guardian Dog of the Mountains)

Japanese Wolves_The Guardians of the Mountains

Ōkami (wolf)  狼(おおかみ)

Also known as: Okuri-inu 送り犬 (escorting dog), Okuri-ōkami 送り狼 (escorting wolf), Yama-inu 山犬 (mountain dog)

Officially, the last of the Japanese wolves was extinct in 1905 and no wolves now exist in Japan. The Hokkaidō or Ezo wolf, cousin to the grey Honshū wolf (Canis lupus hodophylax, or ōkami, the smallest of all wolves) located in Hokkaidō fell victim to extinction in 1889.

                               Japanese Wolf Japanese Ezo Wolf Japanese Honshu wolf_National Museum of Science and Nature 

It is however thought locally, that the wolf, also very much a creature of folklore and religion is still living, deep in the Japanese mountain forests and many people continue to claim they have seen one. This is probably based on the Wolf’s unique ability to keep so well out of sight of man, that it was almost invisible, allowing it to also keep an unwatched eye on man! Local Hongu saying: “The wolf can hide even where there is only a single reed.”

Wolf Deities – The Wolf in Myth and Legend

 jap wolf agyo at Mitake jinja in shibuya2

The wolves association with the mountains also remains very clear with places names such as Okamitaira (Wolf Plateau), Okamizawa (Wolf Marsh), Okami’iwa (Wolf Rock) and Kobirotoge (Howling Wolf Pass) in the Kii Peninsula mountains abounding.
The wolf, closely connected with the god (kami) of the mountains is considered to be the gods pet or their messenger (otsukai お使い) in the Tamaki Jinja and Takataki Jinja shrines located in Totsukawa Mura. In some cases it is even thought to be a god in its own right, "great kami (大神)", and the Ōguchi-no-makami (大口真神, "true god of the great mouth") is a wolf figure that is worshipped at Mitsumine Shrine in Saitama Prefecture,

“Yama no Bankun” (Guard Dog of the Mountains)

                                                  Guard Dog of the Mountains_Yamu no BankunJapanese_wolf_poster_Canis "Hodophylax"

The Japanese wolf is commonly known as Yama-inu,(mountain dog), and as with domestic dogs that display guard-like behaviour, in myth and legend the okuri-inu or okuri-ōkami ("escorting wolf") can also be seen as man’s protector, frequently from the dangers of other wolves when they are alone in Japan’s deep mountain forests. Another type of wolf is thought to escort in the form of stalking mankind as prey, malevolently attacking if their human “prey” should fall or trip and taking many different forms in order to deceive and bewitch humans. This has led in South/Central Honshū and Shikoku, to the belief that the wolf is a supernatural being. But one which if treated with respect by humans is also an honest creature, willing to offer protection when asked to spare a life and in the face of submissive human behaviour towards them.

Canis hodophilaxCanis Hodophylax – the Japanese scientific name linked to the legend of the benign okuri-ōkami ("escorting wolf") derives from the Greek word for “way/path” – Hodo, and the Greek word for “guard” – phylax, together creating “guardian of the way.” ** This also relates to the Ice wolves of Europa – Guardians of the Wolf-Gates and Pathfinders of the Wolf-Ways (interstellar pathways/gateways between worlds)

Such wolves are encouraged to remain protective with rewards consisting of their favourite foods (salt or sekihan -azuki beans and rice) when they have ensured safe passage for those concerned, helping to cement the relationship between man and wolf. Sekihan was also offered in congratulation, according to tradition in Yamanashi Prefecture, to the She-wolf when her wolf-cubs were born. It was believed that by the giving of this ceremonial food, usually served at the time of newly birthed human babies, would lead to return gifts of congratulation from the wolf when the villagers babies were born, in the form of deer, boar, hares etc.

“The Cypress of Dog Howls”

http://youtu.be/tupOeH4bcfw Wolf Howl in Asahiyama (Hokkaido, Japan)

               honshu-wolf_statue2and Japanese Wolf SymbolThe Cypress of Dog Howls Symbolism

North of Hongu high in the Tamaki mountains “The Cypress of Dog Howls” is found – a giant tree where on the eve of the 1889 Great Flood that killed numerous inhabitants of Hongu and surrounding areas, prophetic wolves howled continuously. They materialised on the Tamaki mountains to protect and aid the vulnerable villagers from the disaster that had overtaken them.

Wolf Charms and Boar Deterrents

Villagers would often pray to the wolf. "Lord Wolf [oino tono], please protect us and stop the ravages of the deer and wild boar.”  Especially in the Sendai region, this would happen whenever the wolf was spotted, as it was believed they would protect the mountain farms and help to control the ever increasing and destructive boar population. So strong was this belief, that even charms were used in the wolf’s absence, enshrined in the shrine of the village. In Hongu and even across Japan they had and still do, a wolf charm (ofuda) they called a boar deterrent (shishiyoke) to guard against the wild boars.

Japanese Wolf’s Natural Symbolism of Society in Japan

Japanese Wolf The quality and nature of the wolf’s relationship to humans, also reflects its moral relationship to them. This can be clearly seen in “Japanese wolf lore” which relates tales not of good or bad wolves but of good or bad people. Wolf lore promotes the wolf as a “natural symbol of society”

There is a strong message to the Japanese people that the exchanges they share with the wolf are also a model of how they should conduct the relationship between themselves and nature.

The wolf symbolises both the wildness and the control of the mountains (Yama) and although the original Japanese wolf may now be extinct, it is most certainly not out-dated or superseded. The reintroduction of wolves to Japan – as has been appealed for over recent times would have many positive influences:

· The wolf would help restore order to the ecology of Japan’s forests

· Nature would also be restored in the process 

· Human control would be reinstated

· The Japanese mountains would become manageable again…..

But in order for human control to be reinstated, first the return of the Yama no bankun, the "guard dog of the mountains"  is a required necessity.

                                  Kuroinu_Japanese Wolf Mask

Sources: 
1.  John Knight ~ "On the Extinction of the Japanese Wolf." Asian Folklore Studies

2. “Japan Guide Book” ~ japanguidebook.com

Aliens may be hostile, particularly aliens invading the planet.   86 comments

Stay alert, stay safe, stay alive! Part 2 of a previous post “The Aliens Are Coming To Get Us! ~ When Aliens Attack”
*Aliens may be hostile, particularly aliens invading the planet.

alien_invasion1Tips (*WikiHowls)

* Hang out with the type of people you think could survive an alien invasion: U.S. Marines, Israeli Police, Pakistani weapon smiths, etc.
* Be prepared. Have a plan. How are you going to find cover? Where’s the best place to get supplies when chaos and panic descend?
* Dress down, think functional. Avoid really bright colours. You just went through an apocalypse, people will think you’re a jerk if you dress too cheery.
* Get a dog—something smart and loyal, like a German Shepherd or a Rhodesian Ridgeback.aliens_spaceships

 Things You’ll Need:

* A hostile alien force.
* Human ingenuity

So the planet’s under imminent threat of an Alien Invasion. How would the World react?

In the event of an alien attack a state of international emergency to be declared. Civilians to be rushed to safe areas. Find their (aliens)weaknesses. Discover what they invaded Earth for. Mobilize troops and launch counter-attacks when the time is right.

                                            World: “We can haz peace?”

Aliens: “lol…no”

Apocalyptic TimesUS: “Nuke ’em”

Russia: “Nuke ’em”

China: “Nuke ’em”

UK: “Nuke ’em”Apocalyptic Times2

France: “Nuke ’em”

India: “Nuke ’em”

Pakistan: Nuke ’em”

Israel: “Nuke ’em”

                                                                          North Korea: “Nuke ’em”

                                     

                                                                       World: *nukes*

        Aliens: “kthnxbai”

At this point it could be quite useful if if Iran DOES have nukes… no one is likely to mind too much

When the World Ends...alien_attack

So >

Iran: Nuke ‘em

                                                             Resistance!

As a newly recruited member of the resistance movement YOU may think being armed to the teeth with the toughest human weaponry you have been smart enough to loot will make an awesome defence. The aliens won’t. They won’t have any effect on the average alien whatsoever other than to make them REALLY uptight and irritable, ensuring that when they do get hold of you, you will suffer a seriously NASTY fate. So save your firepower for the next crazed human* (there will be plenty around for target practice – this is an apocalypse)

     alien-ground-spire-destroyed-buildingAlien_Attack

  • Do hide the Lempsip

Any self-respecting invading alien race will be decimated by the common Earth cold. So sneeze, cough and splutter a lot and don’t tell them about the Lemsip and the Beecham’s Flu Plus etc. Hide it. On the downside, "Alien life forms wouldn’t come here only to be done in by our bacteria, unless they were related biochemically to humans. Bacteria would have to be able to interact with their biochemistry to be dangerous, and their ability to do that is far from a sure thing." ~Seth Shostak, senior astronomer at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, Calif.

  • Do leave a glass of water lying around at all times Skywatch

Water is not good for aliens…in fact it is terminally bad for their well-being… so always be sure to leave plentiful supplies of half-drunk glasses of water lying around. Should this cause complaints a gusty yell of “LEAVE ME ALONE. I AM TRYING TO AVOID AN ALIEN ATTACK” will generally be very effective at silencing the inconvenient complainant.

  • Do get drunk

Alcoholic pilot syndrome is an excellent way to save the human race from deadly alien attacks as you will lose any inhibitions you may otherwise have had about nobly plunging your plane straight into the epicentre of an invading, alien spacecraft. Well nobody ever said alcohol was good for you did they. But the human race will forgive your discrepancy on this occasion and hold you in very high esteem.

  •  Don’t pick the flowers

Don’t pick them and take them home. (You really shouldn’t do this anyway… it is very naughty besides that you probably found them in someone else’s garden and they’re not yours.) It could also lead to the obliteration of the human race. Whilst you are sleeping happily in the land of nod, there could well be zombies could be growing in plant pods preparing to replace the human they’ve cloned. So, don’t go to sleep –ever. You won’t have a good time.

  • alien_attackDo avoid getting abducted (US Viewers)

If you a good, upstanding, arms bearing citizen of the USA it will naturally be a foregone conclusion and assumed by all that you have already been abducted by a variety of aliens on a number of occasions. Likely as not you were on a hunting expedition or two at the time of your abductions and whilst obviously no-one will believe a word of your abduction report this is perfectly normal and only to be expected. The safest bet is find yourself a really big city and go live in it. Right at the very heart of it. Be sure to have people around you at all times and never be alone again. And never ever go to sleep ever again. Just in case…

  • Do be wary of children

If all the women you know suddenly become inexplicably pregnant all at the same time it is perfectly acceptable to become very, very scared. This will not be without reason.

  • Don’t lose your cool

Aliens will have egos too. Probably even bigger ones than the average human’s. (Yes it is possible) Best not to have a screaming heeby jeebMaking friends!y panic attack should one jump out at you whilst you’re in the shower. This is not to be recommended at all and will only feed its alien ego. It is probably safe for you to assume that it intends to kill you and that it has no plans for making your demise a quick and clean one. So, pick up your jaw off the floor, go very quiet, (wide eyes are optional) and most importantly maintain a stiff upper lip (If you’re British you will already be very good at this) if not, now is the time to learn. Just for good measure present a look of totally unimpressed, unadulterated boredom and you should be absolutely fine. Hopefully.

Alternatively, assuming that it hasn’t already tried to kill you, you could give making friends with an alien a go — think fast – you must have something in common. Under no circumstances introduce it to anything remotely related to alien invasions, nuclear bomb blasts, wars…they might get the wrong impression.

(–Post Sources Via IEEE and *WikiHowls)