Archive for the ‘Hunters’ Tag

Sedna – Goddess of Sea and Marine Animals (Inuit Mythology)   53 comments


Sedna – Goddess of Sea and Marine Animals (Inuit Mythology)



sedna2Inuit mythology tells of Sedna the goddess of the sea and marine animals, Sedna known also as the “Mother/ Mistress of the Sea,” is the star of what is essentially creation mythology, and the tale of the events that led to her becoming the mighty ruler of the Inuit underworld – Adlivun.

The mythology of Sedna exists in several different forms but they all contain common factors.

Sedna the daughter of Anguta, a creation god, takes the form of a giant, who under the influence of an insatiable hunger attack her parents in a misguided attempt to assuage her raging appetite.

An alternative version alleges that she was so frustrated and unhappy with her father’s choice of men for her to potentially marry that she chooses instead to marry a dog!

783224_5f90_625x1000Still more versions of Sedna mythology portray her as a beautiful young woman living in a village of hunters, and whom despite receiving many eager proposals of marriage from the village’s male hunters, rejects them all. Consequently her disillusioned father hands her over to a new and previously unknown hunter as his wife in exchange for a plentiful supply of fresh fish. Unfortunately for Sedna her newly betrothed hunter-husband proves in reality, to be a mighty bird spirit who resides in a large cliff top nest. He is filled with a great wrath which ultimately leads to his vengeful stirring up of a huge storm designed to destroy both Sedna and her father when Sedna’s remorse-ridden father tries his best to rescue her from the plight he has unwittingly plunged her into.

In another version again, Sedna is the abducted and imprisoned on a floating ice island by a different bird like being. In its absence her father sails valiantly to her rescue in a kayak. Consumed by furious outrage at her escape the bird being, calls up a great sea spirit to assist him in wreaking terrible revenge on Sedna and her father, seeking to drown them both in mighty and violent waves of the like that had never before been seen.

Although the exact nature of the assortment of myths regarding Sedna are many and varied, they all have in common three important points:

1.  Her father tossing her out of the kayak and into the ocean waves.

2. Her father chopping off her fingers when she fights to climb back into it, so that she sinks to the ocean depths, down to the sea bed itself.

20029144_4f3f_625x1000As she does so, what had been her fingers undergo a miraculous transformation into the sea animals that the Inuit regularly hunt – Walruses, Seals and Whales. She is sometimes said to have had her head chopped off or to have grown a tail before her descent to the sea bed.

3. She becomes a mighty sea goddess who commands every mammal of the sea.

Sedna considered a vengeful goddess, is the “Mistress of Life and Death” to the Inuit people because she is their provider. Consequently she is worshiped and prayed to by the hunters who seek to please her so that she will liberate the sea and marine life they rely on for their food supply.

She does so happily if she is treated with due respect and concern. But she also expects that one person be willing to undertake the dangerous journey to her home to relieve the torturous pain she experiences in her hands when she is not respected. If this does not happen, and as a result of her pain and suffering, she in turn punishes the people with a combination of storms, starvation and sickness.

There are many great riches to be found if we are but willing to take a risk and venture deep into the dark, cold places each one of us harbours, and that we fear the most. No matter what illnesses and disabilities we may have the misfortune to experience, or the stupid and thoughtless mistakes we may make in life, we are still worthy of love and respect and have every right to expect, and even demand, that others treat us well.


Royal Windsor Horse Show 2013 (2of2)   50 comments


Royal Windsor Horse Show 2013

Costume Side Saddle Concours D’Elegance




Judging of Costume Side Saddle is based on the impression of elegance presented by horse and rider and the “way of going” in period costume, at walk, trot, and canter. Historical Side Saddle is judged at the walk. Costume Side Saddle classes also differ in that the costumes and the horse’s tack are not inspected in detail for historical accuracy when the class is lined up. Neither is it necessary to submit any brief resumes about their apparel; but the horse’s tack must be safe.


Appaloosa Horses

In Hand And Ridden



Best known for their colourful leopard spotted coat pattern, spotted horses were seen in cave paintings dating back to pre historic times, and also in Ancient Greek art. They existed in Persia, China and Egypt. Also in Spain and Mexico and North America where they, alongside the American mustang were caught by the Nez Perce Indians who lived by the Palouse River, leading to the breed name “A Palouse.” This progressed to the modern day version Appaloosa. The horses were captured by the US army in 1938 and officially recognised as a breed.

The Appaloosa is both courageous and versatile and yet also of docile temperament. It is used for general riding, ranch work, trail riding, as circus horse and in movies. Today it is one of the most popular horses in the US and was named the “Official State House of Idaho” in 1975.


The Meet Of Hounds

Bloodhounds, Foxhounds and Eton Beagle Packs


Copyright: Europa’s Icewolf 2013

Bone-crushing “Super” Ice Wolves!!   16 comments

Bone-crushing “Super” Ice Wolves!!



Around 12,000 years ago, in the icy forests of Alaska patrols of super-wolves could be found roaming, striking fear into the hearts of all who encountered them. They were much larger and much stronger than the modern Grey wolf, and sporting considerably larger teeth and far more powerful jaws, they were killing machines of very large prey.

This now extinct species, “Beringian wolves”, was discovered by Jennifer Leonard and a group of colleagues from the University of California, Los Angeles. Whilst studying the permafrost-frozen remains of ancient time Grey wolves in Eastern Beringia, an area including Alaska and Northwest Canada, they were able to analyse DNA from the "super-wolf" bones, and also to study its genetic make-up.

They proved to be genetically quite different from the wolves we know today. On analysis of their DNA it became very obvious that modern-day wolves are not descendants of these extinct prehistoric "super wolves." They were shown to share a common ancestor, but were also found to be on two separate and diverging branches on the evolutionary tree.

IceWolfAnalysis of the genes found by Jennifer Leonard showed the heads of the Beringian wolves, were shorter and broader and possessing of deeper jaws than was considered usual. They also had very large teeth designed for shaving meat – of the nature that characterise dogs, cats and other carnivores specific to that group.

These hyper carnivores, had skulls adapted totally for the purpose of meat consumption and the use of a bite of such tremendous force that it could kill prey vastly larger than itself, possibly even the Great Mammoths of the time.

Their powerful jaws allowed the Beringian wolves to quickly wolf down carcasses, bones andGrey Wolf everything else, fast enough to avoid the need to fend off competition. This would have included a fierce variety of dangerous and powerful hunters, including the likes of the American lion and the Short-faced bear, the largest bear ever known.

It is possible that the ancestors of today’s Grey wolf found their way into the New World by crossing the Bering land bridge linking Asia to Alaska. They were medium-sized hunters, between coyote and the Dire wolf. With the extinction of the larger Dire wolves, the Grey wolf split into two distinct groups. One filled the evolutionary gap by developing a far stronger skull and fangs, (“super wolves”) thereby filling the gap the larger extinct predators (Dire wolves) left, whilst the second group evolved into a faster, more athletic breed (ancestors of today’s wolves).

Unfortunately, as is the way in evolution the first group of wolves with their specialist requirements for very large prey became its pitfall. When such prey died out during the last Ice Age, so too did the large bone-crushing "super" Grey wolf. Today this creature is lost to us forever.

Unless in some future time mankind figures out a way to re-create them by way of cloning… Not necessarily a wise move!!