Archive for the ‘Moons of Jupiter’ Tag

FireWolves of Io   26 comments

Howling New Moonshine….

Spirit of the FireWolves…

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Howling new moonshine tumbling and stealing across the contrasting volcanic world of Io’s Fire wolves. Half hidden in the new moon shadows they gathered in moon dark silhouettes amongst the volcanic mountain ranges, calling the song of the stars, drawing on the fiery heart of the pack to call home the Fire wolves of Io, adorned in the mighty colours of the volcanic fire breed. The “Watcher at the Window” gazed in alluring fascination at the mountains peaks of Io bejewelled in the spectacular rainbow arrays of black and gold, catching too the starlight dancing in the gold-fire eyes of the Fire wolves of Io, bathed in the new moon darkness gliding around craters and dark plains.

Red_Wolf_Creek_Expt

Full Wolf Moon–January 5th 2015   21 comments

howling-at-the-moon-hippotipus-dff_080723 

 

119453360_640Full Wolf Moon Registration Banner

The Wolf Moon rising at 17:15 – 5th January 2015, for the one and only time this New year, is the first full moon following the winter solstice. In a little touch of moon wolf magic the 2015 Wolf Moon also coincides with the arrival of Earth at the closest point to the sun that it is possible for it to reach in its orbit (perihelion).

Earth stands just 91.4 million miles from the sun, at this point and consequently the full moon burns brighter than even the Europan Ice Wolves on their frozen world of ice…

The Wolf Moon has also come to mark the start of a long year of stargazing.

January is the only month of the year when Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn can be viewed without a telescope. And if you look very carefully in the magic of the moonlight and maybe wish upon a star you may see the flash of the moon wolves of icy Europa…moon of Jupiter….if you’re really quiet you may here the call of the wolf-song across the star-ways of time and space…the moon-song of the star-born of Europa….

Happy New Year 2015 from the Ice-wolves of Europa!

Firewolves of Io-Ra Patera   71 comments

 

Solar City Magic ~ Interstellar Light Show

Firewolves of Io ~ Ra Patera!

FireWolf Io Showing Ra Patera Flare  Azure-blue flare Ra Patera! Fire Wolves of Io! The huge volcanic plume – Ra Patera – erupted into the night sky in an explosive maelstrom of crackling fire-born azure flares, streaming across space from Io into the skies of Jupiter. An urban Fire wolf started and sat bolt upright, still and alert in an alien night whilst the flare lighting up the urban skyline burst dramatically across the night sky high above the sulphur-drizzled “Plains of Io.”

Firewolf of Io and Jupiter

Deep in the heart of the galactic urban dance scene the thunderous roar of the cosmic sound systems resonated in a frenzy of solar city magic, firing a dark alien fire wolf driven by an erotic moon fantasy, whirling into a state side rhythmic of burning star-flared erotica, seductive and full of night promise.

 

Io Moon Fire Wolf_Star of the Celestial WolfIt caught the commanding call of the Alpha, “The Great Star-Wolf” as it echoed across galactic space, its quality of sound resonating in a haunting array of pitches and tones, boomeranging to the minds of each and every Wolf Breed, carrying with it the colourful signature notes of their ascendant – the one known as “Star of the Celestial Wolf.”

It twisted and flared in flashes of burnt-gold sliding through Io’s shimmering moon-shadows dancing in the volcanic night glow, blending with the leaping azure plume that originated from Io’s large shield volcano, the feature known as, “Ra Patera.” The Fire Wolves call to the stars, the sky alight with charged plumes of icy fire. The world in awe.

The interstellar star cruiser slid silently betweenIo_Jup_RaPWolf worlds, a vast tourist in a sea of suns, slipping across jewelled solar systems and through rain-bowed ring systems to capture, for a moment, the beauty of their worlds. Infra-red rose in auroral bands across the rock strewn world of Io – moon of Jupiter – a wildly exotic world, of sulphur-coated vistas and violently active sulphur volcanoes. An alien world of lava flows and lava lakes, of huge calderas and mountains soaring many times loftier than any seen on Earth.

Urban moon-stars flared in dancing diamonds of desert fire as the night sky went supernova lighting up the dance floor of galactic moon shine. And the Sirian-black masked Fire Wolf whirled to the heart beat of the universe, spinning in an eternal rap, the music of the urban stars leading it in the endless rhythm of the solar night. Fire Wolf of Io, melting and blending in the light and shadows of the music of the cosmos, piped on the sound systems of streaming moon dreams, the strobing drum, the beating pulse of solar winds, leading the dance floor of eternity.

In the midst of the colourful and radiant cloud belts surrounding Jupiter, roiling storms raged, the tumultuous Jovian atmosphere possessing of a chaotic and ever-changing beauty that interacted with swirling hurricanes and wild wind-storm systems.

Space was alive with an interstellar light show that threw an opera of rain-bowed lights dancing over the cruiser’s external surface shields. Seen from space they were ablaze with a flaming azure glow.

Star struck viewers watched the display in awed bemusement as the Ra Patera plume burst in burning sun-blue lights fromIo showing flare, close up and crater area the outlandish multi-coloured surface, surging and tumbling through Io’s tenuous atmosphere, streaming across space and exploding through Jupiter’s own swirling, turbulent atmosphere, and the dozens of interacting storm systems before curving out towards IoWolfFantasy3Interstellar space.

Eddying and churning, whirling and twisting, blasts of light bent into rotating loops and spirals coiling across the stars in a whirlpool of exotic silver and exotic electric-azure waterfalls. A shimmying, fiery vortex intimately entwined with the life-force of the Fire Wolf of Io.

 

 

 

Fire is mysteriously powerful, passionate and concentrated. It is fundamental and essential. It filters into the very elements of that which it comes into contact with, and it somehow blends with every particle ~ refining and purifying but also bringing pain, suffering, anguish. The more advanced and complex the integrity of character the more elevated the pleasure but how greatly torturous the pain inflicted, burning with an intensity that in that moment seems like it will consume and destroy us. But in the moment we cease to fear the fire that moment it ceases to harm us.

Solar City Magic_Space Art Fire Wolf

(Copyright: Europa’s Icewolf 2012 All rights Reserved)

New Discovery! Great Lake On Jupiter’s Icy Moon Europa!   40 comments

Great Lake of Europa

INTRODUCTION –SEARCHING FOR LIFE BEYOND EARTH

A large liquid lake has been discovered just below Europa’s icy shell may provide a habitat for life.

Europa's icy surface_plains of bright ice

Europa’s icy surface, as viewed from NASA’s Galileo spacecraft. Visible are plains of bright ice, jumbled cracks an indication of a sub-surface heat source that run to the horizon, and dark patches that likely contain both ice and dirt. CREDIT: NASA/Ted Stryk

HOW HAVE SCIENTISTS DETERMINED THE EXISTENCE OF THESE LAKES ON EUROPA?

  • New research studies show Jupiter’s moon could have numerous large lakes just beneath its icy shell, and consequently closer to energy from the Sun, potentially providing a habitat for life.

JUPITER’S ICY MOON EUROPA IN BRIEF

  • Europa is one of the four Galilean moons of Jupiter which has at least 63 moons in total including Europa
  • Europa is slightly smaller than Earth’s moon and orbits Jupiter every 3.5 days. It has an iron core, a rocky mantle (shell), a radius of 1,569 km and it is 670,900 km distant from Jupiter.
  • Although Europa is about 500 million miles away from earth it comes closer to resembling our planet and providing potential for life than anything else in the solar system
  • There is a large, subsurface ocean of salty water deep beneath its frozen, ice pack crust thought to be in some areas tens of kilometers thick.
  • Recently discovered lakes appear to be embedded closer to the surface.
  • Europa has more water than all the oceans of Earth

EUROPA’S GREAT LAKE

  • New research: A large liquid lake discovered approximately just 1.5 miles (3km) below Europa’s icy shell. Estimated to be equal in volume to all the North American Great Lakes combined.
  • Europa could have numerous large shallow lakes just beneath its icy shell placing them closer to energy from the Sun.

Thera Macula

One such lake lies underneath Thera Macula, one of Europa’s chaos terrains. Thera Macula (false color) is a region of likely active chaos production above a large liquid water lake in the icy shell of Europa. Color indicates topographic heights relative to background terrain. Purples and reds indicate the highest terrain.
CREDIT: Paul Schenk/NASA

  • Research also explains how nutrients and energy could get from the moon’s surface to its buried ocean.
  • In doing so they could possibly provide a habitat for life which would be a key finding in the search for places where life might exist beyond Earth.

Europa's Great Lake

Europa’s "Great Lake." Scientists speculate many more exist throughout the shallow regions of the moon’s icy shell.
CREDIT: Britney Schmidt/Dead Pixel VFX/Univ. of Texas at Austin

HABITAT FOR LIFE

Scientists believe that

  • The interaction between the Europa ice pack and the subsurface bodies of water transfer nutrients and energy that may lead to life existing under the Europa surface.
  • Life in the oceans of Europa would be similar to that which exists deep beneath the oceans on Earth where light does not penetrate.
  • Liquid water is thought to be necessary for life,
  • Microbial organisms may survive in this buried sea.

The “lake” holds potential as a habitat for life, and there may be many more such lakes throughout the shallower regions of Europa’s shell, said lead author Britney Scmhidt, postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Geophysics.

“The potential for exchange of material between the surface and subsurface is a big key for astrobiology. Europa’s subsurface harbours much of what we believe is necessary for life but chemical nutrients found at the surface are likely vital for driving biology.”~Wes Patterson, a planetary scientist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Md. and a co-author of the study.

“Now we see evidence that it’s a thick ice shell that can mix vigorously, and new evidence for giant shallow lakes. That could make Europa and its ocean more habitable. The material cycled into the ocean via these lakes may make Europa’s ocean even more habitable than previously imagined. The lakes may even be habitats themselves."~Britney Schmidt, lead author.

CHAOS TERRAIN ON EUROPA POINTS TO SUBSURFACE LAKES

Determining the existence of such a body of water

Chaos terrain on Europa

Chaos terrain on Europa points to subsurface lakes. (NASA/JPL/Ted Stryk)

  • Europa’s surface is cold, around minus 170 degree Celsius (minus 100 K). The bottom of the ice is slightly warmer.
  • Two circular bumpy features on Europa’s surface called "chaos terrains." similar to features on Earth suggest that Europa is still geologically active heated likely by tidal forces. These tidal forces provide more heat on Europa than would normally be the case for a celestial body that far away from the sun.
  • That means plumes of warm water well up against the Europa ice cap, fracturing them, to churn the ice and subsurface water causing the "chaos" terrain features.

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN FOR THE POSSIBILITY OF LIFE ON EUROPA?

Nutrients and energy are transferred from the frozen surface to the vast ocean below resulting in the possibility that environments suitable for life could exist under the Europa surface. Life in the oceans of Europa would be similar to that which exists deep beneath the oceans on Earth where light does not penetrate. This could also mean that Europa is more likely to harbour extra-terrestrial life than Mars.

"On Earth, it is the volcano [melting the ice]. On Europa, it is the warm ice plume coming up from below” ~Schmidt

"You and I might not notice the difference, but geologically it’s very different. Heat melts some of the ice into enormous lakes beneath the crust. Think of Europa as one giant ice shelf floating on a global ocean, with a really rocky core.” ~ Paul Schenk, of the Lunar and Planetary Institute in Houston.

Europa rising above Jupiter

The icy moon Europa rising above Jupiter’s cloud tops. The picture was one of a handful of the Jupiter system that New Horizons took primarily for artistic, rather than scientific, value.
CREDIT: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute

CONFIRMATION? – the next step in confirming liquid water under Europa?

  • Confirmation of the existence of these lakes will involve a thorough investigation of both above and below the icy surface of Europa meaning a future mission to Europa is essential. The National Research Council’s Planetary Science Decadal Survey gave such missions one of the highest priority ratings.

FUTURE EUROPA EXPLORATION MISSIONS PROPOSALS

A joint NASA/EUROPEAN SPACE STATION SPACE mission to Europa known as the EUROPA JUPITER SYSTEM MISSION is being considered. The intention being that the EUROPA ORBITER probe, which is estimated to launch in 2020 arriving in orbit off Europa in 2028 will by remote study hopefully give clues as to how the ice layers and the subsurface ocean interact. It will also study the organic exchange between them which could result in the existence of microscopic life in the subsurface ocean and lakes.

The EUROPA ICEPICK MISSION would involve the drilling through of Europa’s ice pack and a unique opportunity to explore the subsurface ocean, in the hope of finding some form of life and also other valuable scientific data.

"Europa is likely to have a deep ocean of liquid water beneath its icy crust, making it an object of enormous interest as a possible abode for life," ~Planetary scientist Steve Squyres, with Cornell University

Funding for such missions to Europa is very uncertain. Most likely the Europa landers would cost anything from $800 million to $2 billion and that is only a rough estimate. This would involve input from several nations in order to obtain the necessary funding to make any one of these missions a reality.