Archive for the ‘oceans’ Tag

2014 Winter Olympics–Coming Soon to a Crater Near You!!   46 comments

Valhalla Basin Galactic Winter Olympics 2014

 

2014 Winter Olympics – Chelyabinsk Meteor Anniversary

2014-winter-olympics-logoThe 2014 Winter Olympics, officially the XXII Olympic Winter Games (22nd Winter Olympic Games), are set to take place from 7 to 23 February 2014, in Sochi, Russia.                 clip_image001clip_image001[1]

Chelyabinsk meteor Chelyabinsk meteor 2The Chelyabinsk meteor was a Near-Earth asteroid that entered Earth’s atmosphere over Russia on 15 February 2013 exploding in an air burst about 40 km above Korkino, south of central Chelyabinsk Oblast. The explosion created a bright flash, churning out a sizeable quantity of small meteorite fragments and a formidable shock wave.

Lake Chebarkul The meteorite fragments fell in and near to Lake Chebarkul with the largest extracted from the bed of the lake on 16 October 2013. Despite its 654 kg (1,442 lbs.) mass tipping and breaking the scales it was weighed on, it proved very fragile and shattered into three distinct pieces. In the aftermath of the Chelyabinsk meteor event an unofficial market swiftly arose for meteorite fragments.

The anniversary of the Chelyabinsk meteor event will be in Sochi, Russia on 15 February 2014. A total of seven gold medals are available to be won during the anniversary day’s medal events and each will contain fragments of the Chelyabinsk meteorite.

2014 Winter Olympic Medals with meteorite fragmentsFragments of the Chelyabinsk meteorite

 

Callisto (2014 Valhalla Basin Galactic Winter Olympics)

callisto2In a very interesting to note lol that by some strange cosmic coincidence the 2014 Valhalla Basin Galactic Winter Olympics will be held on Jupiter’s extremely ancient Galilean moon Callisto, the most heavily cratered moon in the Solar System.

Callisto’s impact-battered surface features multi-ring structures, variously shaped impact craters, and chains of craters (catenae). Probably due to the icy nature of its surface Callisto lacks any large mountains. The water that has spread over the surface forming bright rays and rings around the crater is a result of the meteorite impacts puncturing holes in Callisto’s crust.

It is now believed that beneath Callisto’s crust may lie a salty, subsurface ocean of liquid water around 50–200 km deep indicated by studies of the magnetic fields around Jupiter and its moons. This leaves open the option that there could be extra-terrestrial microbial life on Callisto, though conditions are thought to be less conducive to life than on neighbouring Jovian moon Europa.

Callisto in Olympian Mythology

Mount-olympusZeus and CallistoZeus-greek-mythology-god-of-the-godsCallisto is named after one of Zeus – god of the Olympics and Supreme Ruler of Mt Olympus’s many lovers, in Greek mythology. It is said that Callisto herself was a nymph who was associated with the goddess of the hunt, Artemis.

Zeus was held in exceptionally high esteem and power by the Ancient Greeks and once every four years the Olympians held a festival including games to honour their god. Today nations still meet for the Olympic Games but not to honour Zeus, rather the ability of the athletes themselves are considered and rewarded.

 

Valhalla Basin (2014 Galactic Winter Olympics)

Valhalla Basin_Credit_WikipediaValhalla Basin_Credit NASA_JPLIn another wildly unlikely cosmic coincidence, the main venue of the Galactic Winter Olympics, Valhalla Basin, is also a crater produced by an impacting meteor. (Not the same one as Russia’s! Don’t be silly!) Furthermore it is not only the largest multi-ring impact crater on Callisto but also in the Solar System.

Discovered by the Voyager probes in 1979–80 it is located slightly to the north of the equator on Callisto’s Jupiter-facing hemisphere. Part of an extensive system in the

Valhalla region Valhalla’s bright-floored central basin stretches across a diameter spanning 360 km. It is surrounded by at least eight concentric mountainous ridges, which resemble frozen rings of ‘ghostlike ripples’ extending as far as 1,500 km from the basin’s central point.

Valhalla in Mythology

ValhallaOdinThis huge impact crater is named after Valhalla, Odin’s great hall in Norse mythology.  

                                                                         

Valhalla_was_in_Asgard_Home_of_the_fallen_VikingsValhalla, Hall of the Slain, in Norse mythology is the most beautiful of Asgard’s many great halls. It was here with Odin that the W Door Valhalla Guarded by a Wolfheroes who had been slain in battle – the Einherjar, feasted nightly on the meat of the boar Schrimnir and from the goat Heldrun, mead, whilst preparing for the up and coming battle of Ragnarok. Eight hundred warriors marching shoulder to shoulder will emerge from each one of Valhalla’s five hundred and forty doors when this time comes.

Vast and daunting Valhalla was said to have spears for rafters and golden shields providing roofing thatch, along with a fine array of breast plates, scattered around the Hall.

The western door of Valhalla is guarded by a wolf and hovering high above the door an eagle. Outside the front of the hall is Glasir, a golden tree and on the roof of Valhalla, the green leaves of another tree known as Læraðr – happily munched through by the goat Heldrun and the stag Eikþyrnir.

Asgard Crater Region– Callisto

To the west of Valhalla is another large multi-ring basin—Asgard Crater; the second largest multi-ring structure (impact crater) on Jupiter’s moon Callisto. The crater is named after Asgard, the realm of the gods in Norse mythology,

Asgard in Norse Mythology – Olympic Links

Bifrost and ValhallaThe Norse equivalent to Mount Olympus in Greek mythology, Asgard was the home and stronghold of the Norse gods. Set in the skies the only way to reach it was to cross Bifrost – the rainbow bridge.

Valhalla, the dwelling of Odin was the grandest and most magnificent of the many gold and silver halls to be found in Asgard. Norse mythology stated that Asgard would be destroyed at Ragnarok -"Doom of the powers (gods)," also known as “Gotterdammerung” which in Norse mythology means “the end of the cosmos.” A huge final battle would be fought and the world enveloped in flames; the gods defeated by giants and demons. But a number of the gods will survive, or will be reborn and out of the sea a green and fertile world will emerge.

2014 Valhalla Basin Galactic Winter Olympics!

Coming soon to a Crater Near You!!

Valhalla Basin_Credit NASA_JPL

Sources:

Viking Mythology : http://www.missgien.net

http://www.wikipedia

Related blogs on this site.

Zeus god of the Olympics and Supreme Ruler of Mt Olympus – https://europasicewolf.wordpress.com/2012/07/08/zeusgod-of-the-olympics-and-supreme-ruler-of-mt-olympus/

Russian Fireball Explodes over Chelyabinsk–And it’s all the US’s Fault!!!! https://europasicewolf.wordpress.com/2013/02/18/russian-fireball-explodes-over-chelyabinskand-its-all-the-uss-fault/

Galactic Olympics – Mars 2012 https://europasicewolf.wordpress.com/2012/08/08/2012-gale-crater-galactic-olympics/

Japan Planning World’s Biggest Offshore Wind Farm To Replace Fukushima N-Plant   57 comments

                                               

Fukushima N-Disaster Puts Wind Up Japanese Government!

 

                                               Fukushima ExplosionFukushima 11 March 2012 Credit Reuters_Kyodo

Following the 2011 nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Reactor, due to earthquake and tsunami damage, The Japanese government’s Agency for Natural Resources and Energy intends to replace the crippled nuke plant with the world’s largest offshore wind farm.

                                               fukushima before tsunamiSeveral-offshore-wind-line-on-the-horizon-on-cloudy-sky-background

The site is ideal for this purpose because the set-up is already in place to convey power when the Daiichi N-plant was still operational.

                                                     Environmental-protection-and-healthy-life_Image Credit: 123RFWind-farm-in-the-sea-3d-render_Image Credit: 123RF

Construction of 143 wind turbines on buoyant stands fixed to the ocean floor 16 kilometres (10 miles) off the coast of Fukushima is expected to be complete by 2020.

                          Solar-energy-panels-and-wind-turbine_Image Credit: 123RFSolar-energy-panels-and-wind-turbine_Image Credit: 123RFSolar-energy-panels-and-wind-turbine_Image Credit: 123RF

The wind farm will generate 1 gigawatt of power once completed, and is part of Fukushima’s plan to become completely energy self-sufficient by 2040, using renewable sources alone. It is also planning to build a Solar Farm which when construction is complete will be the largest in the country.

The closest rival to this planned Japanese wind farm – the Greater Gabbard farm off the coast of Suffolk, UK — currently the world’s largest farm, will surpass the has 140 turbines which generate 504 megawatts.

WindfarmInitially a 2-megawatt turbine, a substation and deep-sea cable system beneath the ocean will be constructed. More turbines would be assembled as and when they became affordable. It is hoped that suspended steel supports which would be attached to the ocean floor can be used as stands for the turbines rather than attaching them straight onto the bed of the ocean. Standing at a height of 200 metres the first turbine would have Ballast below it to ensure it stayed upright and stable.

Risk of Seismic Activity to Turbines

According to Takeshi Ishihara, the Project Manager, of the University of Tokyo Seismic activity risks will not be an problem.

The project’s tests including computer simulations and testing of water tanks have proved that in the event of earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons etc the turbines will be safe.

                                                     Wind_turbines_farm_energy_production_to_the_world1025Wind-turbine-and-solar-cell-grows-in-the-field_Image Credit: 123RF

And if the wind farm was to be damaged although a power loss would occur, the problem of radioactive waste would not.

“All extreme conditions have been taken into consideration in the design. This project is important — I think it is impossible to use nuclear power in Fukushima again,” ~ Takeshi Ishihara

                                                  Wind-farm-Image Credit: shutterstocka-california-wind-farm-at-sunset-according-to-a-new-study-nighttime-temps-in-the-air-above-wind

The wind farm will be paid for using money currently being collected via a feed-in tariff scheme for wind projects set up by the government – Effective from July 1, 2012 money had been collected by a government wind project scheme, and it is this money that will be paying for the wind farm. According to Japan’s Wind Power Association there has already been an 8.2 percent increase in the energy producing capacity of these sort of plants.

Sources:

hindubusinessline.com

 NewScientist

dvice. com

Ref: Images:

Unless otherwise stated all images are royalty free and available for non-commercial public use. Non-credited images with no watermark contained no info’ source to indicate any copyrights.

Radioactive Material Dumped Dumped In Rivers   54 comments

Radioactive Material Is Being Dumped in Japan’s Rivers…

 

Japan Inside The Exclusion Zone_Credit_ tumblerThe Japanese newspaper the Asahi Shimbun has recently reported that radioactive water used to wash down contaminated buildings of the settlements close to the Fukushima Nuclear Reactor, which should have been sent through a stringent purification procedure was in fact being drained away into rivers rather than undergoing the intended strict disposal methods along with collected radioactive top soil and leaf debris which should have been securely and meticulously stored. This disposal method was seen to be standard procedure at 13 locations in Naraha, Iitate and Tamura. The allegation, supported by photographs

Many of the N-plant workers, fully aware of the breaching of rules and procedures set in place for the decontamination work claimed they were simply following orders from those above them on the basis that following nuclear waste disposal rules to the letter meant they would never complete the decontamination work. They also claimed that they were ordered as regarded the sites that monitor radiation, to merely sweep up around them and that was to be all they should do.

Fukushima-radiation-could-be-ocean-riskThe government has committed 650 billion yen ($7.4 billion) to clean up the surroundings in contaminated towns and villages. The Environment Ministry engaged Japans most prominent contractors, the Taisei Corp who have a 7.72 billion yen contract in Iitate, and the Maeda Corp who have a contract in Naraha to the value of 18.82 billion yen. Infrastructures, highways and farm land will have radioactive substance sited within 65 feet of their location stripped away, if the objective is realised.

The Japanese government now plans to take tough action on the corrupt practice alleged to be currently in place around the Fukushima nuclear plant, and residents in surrounding areas have secured an apology from Senior Vice Environment Minister Shinji Inoue.

 

Cleaning Radioactive Water With Graphene

The Rice University of Houston and the Lomonosov Moscow State University has generated exciting new research that suggests that there may be a way to use graphene, to reverse the disastrous environmental impact at the Fukushima Nuclear Plant.

**Graphene is a substance made of pure carbon. Its atoms are arranged in a similar way to graphite, but in a very light sheet only one-atom in density. It’sgraphene_from_gases_for_new_bendable_electronics_ been suggested that Graphene could also be a highly significant factor in increasing the efficiency of the desalinization process, in flexible semi-conductors, and the improvement of electronics. Processes based on graphene could also be useful in the cleaning up of the natural gas industry, and if this report proves successful, it could play a very important role in the nuclear waste clean-up.

The researchers involved say that when graphene oxide flakes are introduced to contaminated water, the result is the condensing into clusters of the offending radionuclides. They can then be split away and securely disposed of.

"Graphene oxide introduced to simulated wastes coagulated within minutes, quickly clumping the worst toxins," Chemist Stepan Kalmykov.

"It’s too hot. Companies have to ship contaminated water to repository sites around the country at very large expense. The ability to quickly filter out contaminants on-site would save a great deal of money." ~ Chemist James Tour

Thousands of Japanese residents have been forced into homeless and it could take decades to clear all the contamination and complete the clean-up. Even then some towns and villages may have to be abandoned forever.


Graphite

** Graphene is made by chemically processing graphite — also found in the ‘lead’ of pencils. A sheet of graphene is just a single layer of carbon atoms- one of the most abundant materials on Earth, an individual layer of crystalline graphene_Costas Galiotis_FORTH ICE-HT and Dept Materials Science Uni of  Patrasgraphite -locked together in a strongly-bonded honeycomb pattern.

Flexible, translucent and the most ultrathin material ever made Graphene is also the strongest substance known to mankind — 100-300 times stronger than steel and several times tougher than diamond. The best heat conductor known to man and better at conducting electricity than silicon, with its unique optical properties. Graphene has caused a dramatic surge in research and potential applications for the material.

An inherently sustainable and economical technology, Graphene could lead to roll up behind the ear mobile phones , paper thin HD televisions, and fold away into a tiny square, bendy electronic newspapers. It could transform the medications we use, and replace silicon which is currently used in the creation of the chips in our computers. It is also possible that Graphene being such a bendy substance could replace existing touch-screens materials for devices such as tablets making the likes of the i-pad as out-dated as anything else in ancient history!


Sources:

  • alienscientist.com
  • NEWS 24
  • EarthTechling; Beth Buczynski
  • The Lede; Robert Mackey

NASA Discover Alien Planet Earth Twin –Kelper-22b   46 comments

 

Alien Earth-Twin: Planet Kelper-22b

NASA Kelper: Planet Hunting Spacecraft

Kepler 22b, the new alien planet discovered by NASA’s Kepler space telescope, which NASA scientists say embraces the most hopeful possibility to date for potential future human habitation. Scientists also believe there is a tantalising option for the presence of continents, oceans and even alien life forms living on its surface. Kepler-22b is the first of many such planets that it is hoped will be discovered by the Kepler space telescope.

The Kepler Mission is a NASA Discovery Program for detecting potentially life-supporting planets-. those where liquid water might exist on the surface of those around other stars in the habitable zone. Terrestrial planets. (i.e. those one half to twice the size of the Earth)

Kelper Telescope

NASA’s Kelper planet-hunting spacecraft, a Space Observatory, that has been orbiting Earth since it was launched in March 2009 is the most powerful telescope in space. It needs a large field in order to observe the necessary large number of stars.

Beginning in the Star Fields

Kelper will be searching constantly in the Cygnus star field, staring unblinkingly at around 155,000 stars every half hour, looking for tiny drops in brightness that betray the presence of planets, for the duration of it’s 3.5 years+ mission. Cygnus is ideal as it lacks in bright stars that would hamper the instruments and it contains many stars similar to our Sun

image

Kepler’s targetd star field in nearby region of the Milky Way. Credit: NASA

The star around which Kepler 22b orbits in the region of the constellations of Lyra and Cygnus, is slightly smaller than our Sun and about 25% less bright. The alien planet was discovered after making a "transit" across the front of its parent star – when a planet crosses in front of its star (Sun) it blocks a small fraction of the light from that star.

                               Cygnus Star field                                       Kelper's Transit Method

Image 1. Kepler’s targeted star field. Credit: Carter Roberts of the Eastbay Astronomical Society   \mage 2. Artist’s rendering of Kepler’s Transit Method of Detecting Extrasolar Planets. Credit: SETI Institute

It is these microscopic variations in the star’s brightness that Kelper can detect. These tell the planet size. The time between ‘transits’ indicates the size of the planet’s orbit and estimates the planet’s temperature. These factors determine possibilities for life on the planet.

Alien Planet Kelper-22b

kepler22b-artwork

This artist’s conception illustrates Kepler-22b, a planet known to comfortably circle in the habitable zone of a sun-like star.
CREDIT: NASA/Ames/JPL-Caltech

2.4 times the size of earth Kelper 22b orbits a star similar to, but smaller and cooler than, our own sun. Scientists say it is 15% closer to its own star than Earth is to our Sun and is located at the somewhat daunting distance of 600 light years away from our own Solar System. At 290 days, the duration of a year on Kepler-22b is not far off our own and the planet’s surface temperature is an agreeable 22deg C. (72deg F) (Sign up here if you wish to join Wolfie on a summer holiday) 😉

Its atmosphere is of a nature that could potentially support life and Kepler-22b is the first “Earth twin” known that is situated in the ‘habitable zone’ of another Sun-like star. This allows for temperatures fitting to the existence of liquid surface water throughout its orbit. I.e. Kelper- 22b could have Earth-like continents and oceans…and where there is liquid water there is also a strong possibility of life. It is even possible, according to scientists that Kelper-22b is in fact already inhabited!

However scientists have yet to figure out whether Kepler-22b is of a primarily rock, liquid or gas composition. A rocky surface would be the best ideal for life. However, a certain Professor Abel Mendez of the Planetary Habitability Laboratory has pessimistically suggested that the chances are that the new and alien planet is likely to be too big to be a habitable world… well there’s always one!

To date the Kepler space telescope has discovered a grand total of 48 planets in the habitable zone of their own solar systems. (The “Goldilocks zone”) Kepler-22b is just the first alien world within such a zone to have been confirmed by other telescopes observations.

NASA announced the discovery of Kepler-22b on Dec. 5 2011.

 Planets and orbits to scale

Comparison chart of our own solar system and  Kepler-22, a star system containing the first "habitable zone" planet discovered.

"This discovery supports the growing belief that we live in a universe crowded with life," ~ Dr Alan Boss, from the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington DC, helped identify the planet from data collected by the Kepler space telescope.

"This is a major milestone on the road to finding Earth’s twin," ~ Douglas Hudgins, a member of the Kepler telescope team.

“Fortune smiled upon us with the detection of this planet," ~ William Borucki, who led the team that discovered Kepler-22b.

Urban MoonSong Wolf   19 comments

~Magic of the Moon-Song~Urban Moon Wolf~

 

Space_Station_Approach_Urban Moon Wolfo

~Urban Moon Wolf~The Voice of the Night~

“If you listen close at night you will hear the creatures of the dark, all of them sacred – the owls, the crickets, the frogs, the night birds. And you will hear beautiful songs, songs you have never heard before. Listen with your heart. Never stop listening.”

~ Henry Quick Bear (Lakota)

Glowing, hazy auroras surrounding the black magic star wolf, his intense gaze fixed on the entrance to the Wolf-ways. Solstice solar-flare black-moon wolf fired with lunar ice and alive with skating bursts of solar energy sliding in burning gold bolts across his silken coat, illuminating the heart-power of the solitary intergalactic moon wolf, racing upstate through his sun-fired body with the flames of life and interstellar dreams.

He paused, head thrown high eyes to galactic space, alight with the fire and the power of the celestial wolf, the light of every wolf- way that had ever been, shining in a light brighter than the morning sun. He tossed star-black head, soft velvet fur shining gently in the lunar night. Looking out, alert, across the radar topped office buildings, the cool future-night sky beyond and above them, tiny sleepy clouds trailing wisps amongst the murmuring sighs of the music of the cosmos.

The silence of eternity captured in an interplanetary dream. Pools of black lunar light sinking silently into the mystery of dark moon visions, catching the rippling, silken moon beams in fluid star-black eyes. Dream catcher. He halted in the mists of time, poised on the edge of forever, distant astral gaze seeing into eternity in timeless wonder. Fathomless voids of high-tech future biospheres encompassing tomorrow’s dreams in a future reality far from the timeless zones that stretched ahead of him, reaching out in wisps of interworld light clouds.

Fire moons danced and swayed across the darkened, sultry wolf-fired eyes, drifting and swirling past night shadowed canyons. Troughs and peaks of sharp, jutting alien-rock formations reaching endlessly into smoked-fire skies of a night world of volcanoes – reflected in the all-seeing eyes of the Fire Wolves of Io.

“Those worlds in space are as countless as all the grains of sand on all the beaches of Earth”

“We on Earth have just awakened to the great oceans of space and time from which we emerged. We are the legacy of 15 billion years of cosmic evolution. It is well within our power to destroy our civilisation and perhaps our species as well…But we are also capable of using our compassion and our intelligence, our technology and our wealth to make an abundant and meaningful life for every inhabitant of this planet.”

~ Carl Sagan (Journeys in Time and Space)

©Europa’s Icewolf 2011 (All Rights Reserved)

The Shores of the Cosmic Ocean   20 comments

Sky Blue Moons

“We began as wanderers and we are wanderers still. We have lingered long enough on the shores of the cosmic ocean.

We are ready to set sail for the stars”

~ Carl Sagen

D4

Sky blue moons rose on a bright early-morning, alien-world horizon, lighting up the spring sky of another world. Songs of the sol-light wound through the rarefied atmosphere drifting through the sol-lit Europan moon wolf. She walked in star dreams, future wolf fired with gold-the burning fire of the cosmos. Born of burnished, cold star-fire, guardian of the wolf gates, and interstellar traveller from galaxies far distant, daughter of the stars and dreamer of the moon dream. Caller of the star song and lunar-light dreams, fired by the consuming power of the star-streams and the call of the cosmos.

High on a plateau over- looking the frozen ice deserts of Europa and the darker shadowed regions of Thera and Thrace Macula, flashes of the wolf ways etched in fiery star-lit eyes, the Europa’s moon-wolf stood still and watchful at the gateway to worlds, head thrown high into the soft plains wind ruffling her coat, lifting it lightly in sol-fired strands of moon dreams. She gazed out into space softly spangled ears, pricked forward, damp nose scenting the cool morning air drifting across the cratered region below-the frozen Plains where Europa’s Wolf Gates are located. Glowing gateways between worlds. The galaxies space ways, negotiated by the wild star wolves, finely honed instincts guiding their safe rite of passage between galactic worlds. An elusive natural phenomenon well known but little understood. Surrounded by mystery.

Alien wolf on an alien world, calling the unfathomable song of the stars. Guardian of the wolf gates and path finder of the wolf ways. All alien off-worldly star dreams. Cosmic dreams swam in burning wolf-eyes the whispering call of the highest ranking alpha wolf, swirling on the borders of the consciousness of the star wolves attuned to its dream-like call. Caught in the surging whirlwind of the powers inherent within her, she stood still and tall foreseeing all in the dreams of the star-bred moon wolves of Europa, eyes distant and gazing, already at the horizon of another world beyond the wolf gates, seeing what wasn’t yet there. Dream chaser, night wolf, runner in the shadows.

Following the call of the rift wolves she flew along the wolf ways engaging the power of the star streams, gliding in azure ribbons of crystal light along the blue-bathed wolf ways negotiating the wolf gates with the ease of the true Pathfinder, drawn across worlds by the power of the stars, crystal blue eyes alight with a sense of purpose that burned interstellar fire, as star-paths swept by in a blur of scenery, here and gone in the blink of a space dog’s azure eyes. Leading ever onwards to her destiny and the call of the rift wolves, answering an ancient call of the stars.

 

Rift wolves_Thru the Wolf Gates

She stepped out into a new world of fathomless winds, throwing up the desert red sands in billowing wind formations whipping the thin atmosphere into forming alien landscapes, a running ghost in the rising dust clouds and the valley peaks and troughs. Windswept as a sulphur-tinged breeze lifted her silken coat into the alien airways. Dim infra-red moon light filtering through her coat and her spirit till she became one with the world and stood proud and free to survey her kingdom across the endless canyons.In the Eyes_of a Star Wolf

 

“The Wolf’s spirit burns bright as the fire of the sun.

I looked into the eyes of a wolf and I saw my own heart…

I looked through the eyes of a star-wolf

And I saw cities in the sky, worlds beyond the stars…”

~  Know Me!, Europa’s Icewolf 2010

 

Earth’s sea hung in the alien sky, a heartbreakingly beautiful globe of intransient sky blue and frothing cloud-white. Bright blue sea geysers shot into the void with a burst of azure spray and the dolphins of marine Earth plummeted into the water and sky celebrating all that life was and would be and bringing with them the hope of the future for Extra Terrestrial Life.

Shores of the Cosmic Ocean

“The surface of the Earth is the shore of the cosmic ocean”

“Imagination will often carry us to worlds that never were. But without it we would go nowhere.” ~Carl Sagen

World of the Plastic Beach   29 comments

 

Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The Pacific Ocean’s  waters are home to 10m (44,000 tonnes) of plastic debris swirling ever-more destructively in the ocean’s currents. Not only is it the largest collection of plastic debris in the world, but it is also completely trapped by North Pacific’s whirling Gyre Currents. Growing incredibly fast and presently covering an area twice the size of the US, it is a prime example of our excessive and thoughtless use of plastics in our everyday lives, and a sad reflection of our hopelessly inadequate methods of dealing with plastic waste.

According to the United Nations Environment Programme over one million seabirds yearly die from plastic and 100,000+ marine mammals are lost to it. There are approximately 46,000 floating plastics per square mile of ocean. It is known as the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”.

  Plastic Destruction  Death by Plastic ocean-pollution-human-trash

 

The World of the Plastic Beach – Recycling to Save the Sea

1. The research project currently in the design phase was created to look at alternative greener ways to transform the floating plastic into an island – an urban habitat or floating city for around 500,000 people – It is predicted 200 million people will be homeless within the next 30 years due to climate change.

RecycledIslandHabitat recycled-islandBeaches

2. The proposal (by Dutch architects WHIM Architecture funded by The Netherlands Architectural Fund) is looking to create a non-polluting island of approximately 10,000sq/km, be built and to convert resources, on the site of the plastic garbage itself. This would reduce clean-up and building costs, creating a new area for agriculture, recreation, tourism and urban living. It would be built on foundations consisting of hollow floating blocks and would lie between Hawaii and San Francisco in the heart of the Pacific Ocean’s currents.

3. Electricity would come from renewable resources like solar, wave, and wind energies.  It would be a great place for Seaweed cultivation farms, providing food, fertilizer, bio-fuel, medicine and fish food increasing the fish population around the island habitat. Composting toilets and other crops would help the population living on it to be self-sufficient producing all of its own resources.

Seaweed CultivationAgriculture

4. If the project is to step beyond the design stage and become a reality it will have to function effectively as a sustainable island habitat and it is yet to be decided if a permanent habitable island could even be built from plastic. Would it be solid and strong enough to hold the weight of a population and its crops? And when storms hit what safety measures would need to be in place? This is a fascinating green ventures to consider and stretches the imaginations of architects who will undoubtedly dream up more new ideas as time goes by and enthusiastic designers continue to weigh up the prospects for future habitats using as a base Earth’s vast oceans.

Marine Ecosystems   30 comments

 

Coral Reefs and Climatic Change

CoralReef  bonaire-flower-coral

Corals themselves are tiny animals which belong to the group cnidaria (the “c” is silent)which also include hydras, jellyfish, and sea anemones. Corals are not mobile but stay fixed in one place. They feed by reaching out with tentacles to catch prey such as small fish and planktonic animals. Corals live in colonies consisting of many individuals, each of which is called polyp.

It was believed in the Middle Ages that sea fish were created to balance with the stars in the sky and were consequently equally numerous.

TODAY IN THE 21ST CENTURY THIS CAN NO LONGER BE SAID TO BE TRUE. HUMANKIND IS DESTROYING THE MARINE ECOSYSTEMS.

coral_reef 

  • Corals are amongst the oldest eco systems on Earth and the largest living structure on the planet.
  • They cover less than 1% of Earth’s surface but are home to 25% of all marine life
  • They protect our shorelines from erosion
  • Provide food and livelihoods for 500 million+ people
  • Used in treatment of cancer, HIV, cardiovascular diseases and ulcers
  • Corals porous limestone skeletons have been used for human bone grafts
  • 1/3 of our corals are now threatened with extinction. At present destruction rates 70% of the world’s coral reefs will be destroyed by 2050

coral_danger_zones

Rising Temperatures (Global Warming)

  • This puts strain on corals which then eject the algae (zooxanthellae) that live in their soft tissue, providing nutrients and energy for photosynthesis. Algae also give corals their bright rainbows of colours. Without algae the coral becomes bleached and open to disease.
CORAL BLEACHING (GREAT BARRIER REEF MARINE PARK)

                                                    

Atmospheric CO2 (Ocean Acidification)

  • Oceans become increasingly acidic as they absorb Carbon Dioxide from the atmosphere. Coral reefs have limestone foundations and the acidity is responsible for them dissolving, which has a critical affect on a corals ability to grow.

coral-cavernous-star  coral-reefs-decline-worldwide 

With the exception of amphibians corals are at higher risk of extinction than all the terrestrial animals groups…they are also the most sensitive to climatic changes.

Destruction of their habitats, overfishing, ocean warming, increased risk of acidification and millions of tonnes of nutrient run-off all play a part in this situation.

coral_reef_losses

Global Dead Zones

Regions of coastal seawater that have been deprived of oxygen as a result of fertilisers and sewage overspill, consequently, can no longer support life. Twice as many such zones have developed since 1960. Coupled with rising Carbon Dioxide levels not only shallow-water marine life, but also numerous deep-sea species will also suffer and die.

 global_dead_zones  bleached_coral

  • SWEDEN – cyanobacteria is blooming resulting in the Baltic Sea becoming a deadly, toxic brown sludge.
  • HAWAII – Massive stacks of fetid, contaminated green-brown algae dumped on the ocean coasts.
  • FLORIDA – Red tides of toxic algal are killing of hundreds of marine mammals….
  • CARIBBEAN – 80% of reefs are suffocated by algae…..

coral_threat_comparison

Climate change, coupled with ocean warming, is likely to result in a global collapse of coral reefs within the next few decades. There is clear census of scientific opinion that it is essential to reduce greenhouse gases if coral reefs are to survive.